Philosophy Of Education

Motivation to learn

Motivation may be defined as the process (usually internal) that serves to activate an individuals behavior towards a particular direction. This behavior must be persistent in order for one to categorize it as an aspect that had been derived from motivation behavior. Since education in general necessitates persistent behavior, then the concept is imperative in the learning process.
The big question that must be answered is where can teachers draw this motivation from? In other words, there is a need to look into the sources of motivation. (Russell, 2003)

The first one among these is through external stimuli. This encompasses positive feelings that arise from positive outcomes or negative ones that emanate from undesired consequences. Students can be motivated to learn when they realize that there are some positive outcomes to be achieved or some unpleasant ones to be avoided. Students can also be motivated to learn through the social realm. This occurs when they are valued by certain academic related groups. Also students are motivated through the cognitive aspect. In this case, such children may realize that something is in fact interesting and that they need to stick to it. Also, when students fear a certain threat such as repeating a class or not getting a job after college, then they may be motivated to learn.

Additionally, students can be motivated to learn through the conative aspects of their lives. In this regard, when students have a certain dream or life goal that they desire to achieve, then this can go a long way in enhancing their learning process.

Purpose of the school
Students attend school in order to get empowered so as to have the ability to change their societies. This means that schools need to inculcate the right attitudes, behavior and values needed to live in society. It should be noted that society itself has become very pluralistic and diverse. Consequently, school paves the way for achieving this in the long run.

Through schools, it is possible for individuals to gain equal access to opportunities that would have otherwise been unavailable to them if they had not been educated. (Dewey and Russell, 1997)

In order to achieve these purposes, then schools and their representatives need to have a well defined purpose. This has been stated earlier. Additionally, schools need to teach children how to maintain integrity in their institution. This also means that there should be encouragement of character as an important aspect of learning. Also, there ought to be vitality at all times thus teaching students how to prevent burnout during their time in school and even outside the classroom environment.

All children should be educated
My philosophy of education largely embraces this belief. In other words, it is my firm conviction that all children should be educated. This means that any form of discrimination based on the following cannot be tolerated
Race
Gender
Disability
Culture/ ethnicity
Age
Our society has become increasingly versatile. These days, a classroom may have students from different racial groups. These children all deserve a chance in education because it is right. This fact may hold in open societies such as this country or in other conservative ones too. All children must be treated equally in education. The same argument can also b applied to person form different cultures and ethnicities.

Gender used to be an issue in education during the nineteenth century when a womans place had been set aside as being specific. With the advent of female rights movements, these ideas were replaced by more progressive ones. However, some individuals may belong to societies in which there is still a high level of gender imbalance. Such a mentality may be carried forward even when parents are living in liberal societies such as ours. Consequently, such parents will be denying their child a fundamental right. (Sobocan & Groarke, 2008)

All children should be educated regardless of their abilities. This brings in the issue of inclusive education. In this regard, inclusive schools provide disabled children with an avenue in which they can obtain knowledge both through the formal classroom setting and also through other avenues. Consequently, this empowers them to face society which is also diverse. This is an aspect that would not have been achieved if the disabled child was isolated in a special school.

The issue of age is crucial owing to the fact that some children may not access education opportunities during the right age. This normally occurs as a result of economic or financial strains that force their parents to deny them that opportunity.
Universal truths that schools shoul
d teach
Indeed, there are a number of universal truths that schools can teach their respective children. For instance, matters involving ethics. Ethic does not discriminate because it is universal. Regardless of ones culture, language or background, a child still needs to have some ethical values in order to survive in their lives.

An example of how this is applicable to all spheres of life is through relation to their own lives. For instance, when a child thinks that respect is not a universal issue, then one can reflect upon how others treat them in order to understand just how crucial this virtue is. Another universal truth with regard to ethics is related to the responsibility. All people value responsibility because if someone borrowed anothers car, then it goes without say that that person would definitely want it back. Besides these, it is imperative for children to remember that they cannot survive in society without self control. For instance, when a person is standing next to another one who happens to be a holding a gun, then it would be a desirable trait for the latter to exercise some form of self control. All in all, ethics forms a crucial part of human beings lives and can therefore be regarded as a universal truth. (Russell, 2003)

It is the duty of the school to inculcate in children the manner in which society works. Almost all people in society are struggling to cope or meet their needs. This is a fact that occurs in all aspects of life. Additionally, others are dealing with the issue of reality and how their perceptions can be merged with these realities. Also, there a school needs to teach children about how to face challenges and embrace opportunities.

Teaching character building/ morality is the role of the school
My philosophy of education is founded on the premise that schools have the compulsory obligation to meet teach children about morality. This can be depicted through simple issues and more complex ones. For instance, through the school, children learn that it is wrong to lie because when they do so, then they face negative consequences from it. Also they are taught about patience because they are required to wait for their turn while lining up in the school cafeteria or when answering question in class. Additionally, children are taught to be gentle because in school, violence is not tolerated or being cruel to other. Also, virtues such as honesty are taught automatically by prohibiting certain aspects such presenting work from others as ones own or prohibiting teaching within the classroom.

Character building is an aspect that cannot be chosen as is the case with other subjects or courses to be taken. For instance, if a parent requested a teacher or a school to allow their child to operate out of moral prescriptions by asking them to let his/her child to be violent or to lie. This is something that cannot be reversed or changed. It should be noted that when children choose not to learn morality, then chances are that they will be creating a culture of immorality and not opting out of morality. (Hading, 2000)

Some controversial issues are likely to address when examining the issue of morality because certain aspects of character building may not be universal. Consequently, others may be accused of imposing their moral opinions on others. Taking the example of teaching religions in schools; some people believe that religion is closely associated with morality and should therefore be allowed back in schools. However, I believe that morality need not be tied to religious aspects. Some of these beliefs are merely based on rituals such as not cooking food on the Sabbath or covering ones head with certain regalia. In my view, tying religion with morality is not a true aspect because it creates a different culture. Children will still respect, be honest and act responsibly even without bringing in the religious aspect.

Role of the teacher
Teaching was introduced in classrooms so as to create an environment in which students could learn. Consequently, teachers must be aware of the methods that facilitate students learning. On other words, teaching is the process of learning about student leaning.

Students already have an inherent quality that can motivate or discipline them during the process of learning. However, it is the role of the teacher to ensure that he/she creates a framework where a students abilities and desires can work hand in hand to boost their learning.

It is my belief that learning should be characterized by critical thinking and development of ideas or analyses about pertinent issue. This also means that teachers need to encourage students to participate in critical thought. Additionally, they need to be made in such a way that they have the most straight forward and appropriate methodology for dealing with issue.
A teacher provides the mechanisms for achieving a students aims. In other words, the teacher is the supporter and mentor to the child. They need to be inculcating in their students a sense of commitment, willingness and responsibility during the learning process.

It is my view that in order for teachers to achieve effectiveness in the teaching process, then they need to incorporate both the student and the subject matter in the process. Additionally, teachers also operate within institutional contexts and care must be taken to incorporate these .
Role of the student

Students have the responsibility of investing their time and also their efforts in the learning process. This is because the latter cannot take place without them. A students effort can be applied through a variety of channels. The first is through formal domains such as in the classroom, libraries, laboratories, athletics fields etc. The second is though other the social aspect. This means that students need to engage in student organizations or clubs, create friendship both within and outside the classroom. Participate in school activities and engage in conversations with others. Students are supposed to exercise these responsibilities otherwise failure to do so can lead go poor academic and non academic achievement. Also, it could create a culture of anti-intellectualism within a school.

Also, when students to fail to exceed these responsibilities, then they may not be able to fit in society. (Hare, 2007)

Instructional strategy

It my believe that instructions ought to be decision making processes. Effective teaching only occurs when it is context based and not when it is founded on a set of practices. My instructional methods will be constantly adjusted to reflect the kind of progress witnessed among the children. There are a series of variables that affect the decision making process during instructional preparations consequently, care must be taken to incorporate all these aspects as one proceeds with the learning process. In other words, it will inculcate the issue of students needs, their interests, abilities, strengths and also the basic framework.

Ideal classroom
My ideal classroom would be one in which I am standing at the back of the class guiding my students in performing group work or other tasks. The student will be expected to do more talking than myself so as to ensure that they understand the issues at hand.

Also, my ideal classroom would be one in which students are constantly challenged to think about the issues that they are learning. This means that they should be able to apply the instructional lessons in their daily life or at least understand how this can occur. (Hare, 2007)

Narrative of my philosophy
In other words, my philosophy is founded on the premise that all children have the right to education regardless of the degree of acceptance in society. It is also governed by the belief that students can be motivated to learn by connecting a series of external and internal stimuli. Additionally, I believe that education should be the platform that teaches children moral character. However, this should be dissociated from religious teaching. A number of universal truths such as ethics, pursuit of happiness and meeting ones needs ought to be taught in schools too. Lastly, I believe that instructions should be dynamic so as to incorporate students attitudes and thoughts.

The philosophy of education close to mine and the differences
The philosophy that closely resembles mine is the life enriching organization philosophy. According to Carl Rogers, Walter Wink, Neil Postman and most importantly Marshall RosenBerg, education should take place in an environment that resembles a life enriching organization.

RosenBerg believed that all people within the classroom or the school need to connected to one another in such a manner that they allow judgments into their lives without letting this obscure their learning process. Additionally, such people are dependent on each other and their needs are just as important as others. Consequently, such schools are not inspired by guilt and shame or fear of punishment.

This philosophy differs from my philosophy because there is more emphasis on meeting the needs of others rather one self. While this component is important in my philosophy, it does not form the basis of the philosophy. (Hare, 2007)
Risk factors and how the philosophy provided a basis for the intervention
One of the risk factors that is of interest to me is children growing up in single parent homes with little attention from the existing parent. The second category is composed of children from neighborhoods with high cases of substance, abuse, rape, robbery and other crimes.

If the child happens to be performing poorly and has record low attendance, then the first intervention would be communicating with the child. The philosophy of education is related to this aspect because it is founded upon helping the child to meet his or her needs. The second intervention would be discussing the matter with the school administration. Again, this is in line with my philosophy because it would incorporate other stakeholder sin the teaching process. The other intervention would be discussing the matter with the childs parent. This will also be in line with my philosophy because it is governed by the need to cooperate with other individuals in helping the child achieve their aspirations.

Reference
Hare, W. (2007): Why philosophy for education? International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 21, 2, 149-159
Sobocan, J. & Groarke, L. (2008): Monitoring teachers for trustworthiness; Philosophy of education Journal, 41, 2, 207-219
Russell, B. (2003): Critical thinking across the disciplines, Journal of thought, 20, 2, 40-45
Hading, P. (2000): Emphasizing open mindedness rather than relativism; Research in science teaching journal, 37, 3, 225-236
Dewey, J. and Russell, B. (1997): in search of common ground; Paideusis Journal, 10, 2, 25-31

Difference Between College And University

Lower tuition
Who doesn’t want to save money? By attending college programs, you stand to ea

Introduction
First and foremost, we need to understand that both College and University are educational institutions or establishments that impart education to students. However, many of us seem to misinterpret the definition or meaning between a college and a University. Let us now understand the difference between college and university.
Difference in the meaning of College and University
A college is an educational institution that extends degrees for a specific subject or area of learning. A University on the other hand is a group of colleges. Getting graduated from a University implies that you have sought a specific educational degree from one of their colleges. It is best to choose the subject or field of expertise you would to specialise in, before enrolling either for a college or a University.
Simpler Definition between College and University
A College is smaller in size as compared to a University. Generally, Universities are popular and well known as compared to colleges. There is surely a lot of difference in terminology. In the United States, even secondary high schools may be referred to as Colleges. Vocational schools may also be referred to as colleges. On the other hand, a University is generally meant for graduation and higher studies. It comprises of higher learning as well as tertiary education.
Awarding Degrees and Certificates
Universities have the right to aware certificates and degrees to their students on successful completion of a particular course or vocational training. The tenure of the course may vary depending on the type of training or course the student has enrolled for. A University certificate carries a lot of value as well.
On the other hand, some of the colleges may be governed by specific Universities and may or may not have the right to issue certificates to their students. Holding a University Certificate is more valid and carries value as well.
Difference between College and University rates and fees
As compared to college fees, the University fees are much higher and hence many people go in for University grants colleges where the fees are slightly cheaper. Getting admission and graduating from a University is considered prestigious and hence many students prefer to take up higher studies from a University.
If a student wants to take up a Masters Degree, it is important to take up admission in a University. Colleges are smaller as compared to Universities. The faculties who teach in Universities are much more efficient as compared to that in a college.
The number of students that a faculty has to handle is much less in a college as compared to a University.
However, we cannot underestimate the quality of teaching as there are some very good teachers and faculties who impart education even in small colleges. There are some colleges that have very good standards and at times are much better than a University.
Few countries like Canada and Australia have a different interpretation of a college and university. Here, the college offers a certificate or a diploma and a University offers a degree.
Universities also offer PhD degree after the four year Bachelors degree. A community college may offer an associate degree which may or may not be in par with a University Degree.
The other major difference between college and university is that the instructors or faculties need to adhere to specific teaching and researching requirements. A University focuses more on research based studies. A college offers subjects that are related to the study material.
A student interested to do his Doctors in a particular field may have to take admission in a University as a College may not be able to grant this certificate.

rn a respected post-secondary credential and keep about half of the money you would have spent on university tuition in your pocket. That’s because on average, fees for two terms of college in a general diploma program are about $2,400. Fees for a general university program are about $4,200. An important step in finding the right college programs is to research tuition as well as how the school may be able to help you financially. For example, at Centennial College, students of certain college programs may be eligible for grants, unemployment insurance during in-school class (in the case of automotive apprenticeship students) as well as student loans. Applying for scholarships and grants once you’ve been accepted to the college program of your choice is a good place to start saving even more money.

  1. Smaller-sized classrooms
    Because college programs are facilitated from small-sized classes, students have a better chance at one-on-one time with instructors, peer-to-peer interaction and networking. The set-up of Centennial’s college programs encourages students to build relationships with their instructors so that they feel comfortable clarifying any course material with which they may be having trouble. In college programs, students are definitely more than just a number. Additionally, smaller-sized classrooms allow for collaborative work between groups of students that mimics real-world assignments they will encounter once they graduate.
  2. Shorter study times
    College programs are known for offering students the opportunity to earn a post-secondary credential in a short amount of time. Unlike a university education, which typically takes four years to complete, many college programs run from two to three years. Certain institutions, like Centennial College, also have an option known as “Fast-Track Programs.” These college programs are designed for learners who seek shorter, relevant programs that complement their education and experiences. For example, qualified college or university graduates gain direct admission into certain college programs at an advanced level
  3. Hands-on application
    While university programs often focus on theory, college programs are far more practical. As such, study time is usually split between theory and practical application through case studies, lab work, projects that imitate assignments they may encounter after students graduate, field trips, real life simulations as well as the use of certain on-campus facilities designed specifically for student use. At Centennial, students of the School of Engineering, Technology and Applied Science are housed at Morningside Campus, which is the most technologically advanced of the intuition’s four campuses. Here they find various labs that are fully equipped with cutting edge equipment they will find in their field.
  4. Real-Life Experience
    Many college programs include the opportunity for students to gain real life experience before they graduate. This is usually achieved through a placement with a company where they apply what they have learned, have the opportunity to network and work alongside seasoned professionals. Centennial’s college programs have varying field placement experiences that range from paid co-op to unpaid work placement in various settings. A work placement is vital to any resume as employers seek professionals who already have some sort of field experience.

How To Get An Instant College Degree Without Study

Time is a crucial factor in todays hectic life schedule. When everything is fast paced then why not getting degrees. People are desperate to grab degrees as fast as possible. The likeliness of getting an instant college degree that too without study doesnt seem very realistic. Just the opposite, its very much possible and real too. Now you can quickly advance your career and education even if you want to get it from a scratch. The question which arises is how to get an instant college degree without study?

An online degree is the fastest and also the most convenient way to get an instant college degree without study. Scanning through the internet you will find numerous colleges and universities which offer variety of programs related to all subjects possible in the sphere of education and degrees of all sorts and at all levels starting from the most common bachelors to honorary doctorate. All you need to do is pay them the few bucks and purchase yourself a degree. Your degree will reach you within five days. Although, there are loads of way to get it but some ways are more efficient than other ones. This exactly happens to be the case with purchasing your degree online. The amount of degrees varies from site to site and is kept in accordance with the level of the degree.

Generally going for a regular courseware and getting a degree from a usual campus college means fritting away of both time and money. Also going to classes, doing assignments, cut-throat competition and hard-hitting study are the additional features. More than degree, students go for the brick and mortar style of education for accreditation even if it costs them a good amount of money. But with the online college degrees you get an instant and affordable college degree and the degrees are hundred percent verifiable. You just need to select a degree and should carefully chalk it out according to your educational qualification and work experience. Initially the selection task may seem rough but it is not as hard as it appears to be. Once you have done the required and have provided the certification of your working experience the rest is taken care of. Your degree is handed over to you within five days.

So the question of how to get an instant degree without study doesnt remain unanswered. The process is quite simple. Just hop on to your computer, select the proper degree, pay the required amount and you become a degree holder in five days. So what are you waiting for? After all there is no harm in buying an online degree and also there are no evident negative aspects of purchasing an online degree. Get started and grab your degree.

Why Go to College

Most students go to college these days because it “seems like the right thing to do after high school”. Some students are not college material, some are not interested in college and some cannot afford to go to college but most of them gave into peer and family pressure and enrolled in a college all the same.
Some of them graduated, some of them dropped out.

For the students who are certain that college is what they want to do, congratulations. However, for the souls who are filled with doubts and uncertainty, we have a question for you: Why are you going to college?

While you are trying to force an answer out of your brain, well like to share a few reasons of why you should not go to college:

1.) It Does Not Prepare You for The Real World
What was it that our parents tell us over and over again? “Study hard, get good grades, get into a college, graduate and youll get a good job and get married and live happily ever after.”

Really?

Life never promises any of us a rose garden. It doesnt tell us that if you get straight As you will get a high paying job with fancy title, unbeatable perks, benefits and bonus and live a happy and prosperous life. It is filled with misery, disappointment, mistakes and frustrations and all the As you scored will not help you when you fall.
However, your ability to face your failure and rise from every fall will.

Now. Does college teach you how to handle failure?

2.) Job Opportunities
Theoretically, graduating from college should help you obtain suitable employment. Nonetheless, an annual study carried out by consulting firm Accenture states that only 67% of graduates have received jobs in their chosen fields.
Initially, the purpose of higher education was to create employees that make use of their intellect. It changed in 1970’s when the college system successfully promulgated a whole generation into believing that college would provide high-level job opportunities. In the early stages, college graduates were actually getting high-level jobs. This encouraged more people to get a college degree and what happens when there is a high demand in the market?

A higher supply at compromised quality, of course. And so the tragedy unfolds.

3.) Job Readiness
Unless you are studying accounting, medicine, law, or computer science, your degree is not really worthy. According to Accenture, 80% of graduates assume that they will be trained on-the-job by the first employer. Unfortunately, more than 50% of graduates did not receive any training from their first employer.

The next question is : what should you do if you are not going to college?

1.) Educate Yourself
College is not the only place where you can obtain education. Internet is not just a platform for entertainment and social media but it also works as a school. Think of Youtube and Lynda.com. You can learn web development, marketing, business, photography, film making, design, video editing and basically anything under the sun.
As the American author and humorist Mark Twain said, dont let schooling interfere with your education.

2.) Build a Business
Thanks to Internet, almost anyone can be an Internet-trepreneur. Those savings from part time jobs can be your start up cost, and with books and commitment, you can build a business online and start building your web traffic.

Sell cupcakes from Sabah? Be a costume maker in Jakarta? Provide party catering in Singapore?
Your choice.

3.) Build a Brand
Maybe you are passionate about fashion, anime, music, cooking, or anything else for that matter. If so, you might want to consider building your own brand as blogger or vlogger.

4.) Go to a Vocational School
Not everyone wants a white-collar job. There are roughly 3 million labor jobs available. 90% of them don’t require a college degree, and many of them pay more than white-collar jobs.
All that is required is a skill, which, sadly, is something a college does not provide you with.

Or, alternatively, you might want to consider going to UnCollege, a gap year that equips you with useful skills and helps you build your personal portfolio.

Importance Of Education

Education and knowledge enables individual to put his potential to best use. Education is commonly referred to as the process of learning and obtaining knowledge at school, in a form of formal education. Education is the tool which grants us the required propel in moving ahead and doing something productive in our upcoming future. It is an important aspect that facilitate in fetching about different modification to ourselves as a human beings, as an active member of society and also a responsible citizen of a country. We can conclude that education makes a man ideal and qualified.

But from where does a man get educated. The basic education initiate when child start going to school. However, the procedure of edification does not only start when a child first attends school. Education actually begins at home. A person does not gain understanding only from a teacher; he can get it from parent, family members and even by self grasping. Basically the first school of a child is his/her home and first teacher is his/her mother. It is a holistic process and persists throughout the life.

Even the usual happenings and proceedings about us teach us, in a way or other. It would not be an embellishment to say that the survival of human beings is wasted without knowledge and education. A knowledgeable person has the aptitude to transform the world, as he/she is overflowing with self-confidence and is certain of making the precise moves.

Societies of today have made the process of education and school going a must to do thing, which is really a very welcome step in the promotion of education.
Without knowledge, the training of the human minds is incomplete. Education becomes constructive only when people use his mental moral and physical power in a constructive way, if one wants to achieve success. Its the education which renovate a being to survive a healthier life and more prominently in a publicly vicinity.

We can conclude that Education does make a remarkable effect on ones personality. Apart from it, it does a lot more thing.
Craft superior citizens
Guarantee a fruitful Future
Opens new outlook
Spreads Awareness
Assist in Decision-Making
Reinforce Confidence

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Educational Reforms Core Knowledge

Due to the current state (as we have come to know it) of the US educational system, much governmental, institutional and parental attention has been concentrated upon methods for creating positive change.

Referred to as ‘Educational Reforms’, these then are comprehensive plansmovements designed to cultivate a systematic change pertaining to either educational theories or practices within communalsocietal settings.

Within ‘classical times’, Plato, et al. authority figures shunned the idea of formalized (compulsory) learning for they felt children would only participate in lessons should they have a genuine desire to learn.
Within modern day times, however, the idea of educational reforms (‘principles’ that became prevalent only after education was formalized to the point of being ‘reformed’) reverberated back to the idea of compulsory learning.

B. Reform Efforts in the 1980s

In the 1980s, coming on the heels of the previously discussed, ‘A Nation at Risk’ under the guise of President Ronald Reagan, the educational reform momentum shifted from the left to the right whereby the President was focused on reducing (or even completing eliminating) the United States Department of Education.

In the latter half of the 80s, educational reform pioneer, E.D. Hirsch, put forth an argument against several versions of progressive education, advocating for a return to ‘cultural literacy’.

C. Hirsch’s ‘Core Knowledge’

Entitling his beliefs, ‘Core Knowledge’, Hirsch emphasized specific information he felt was critical for students to learn and master. From Hirsch’s viewpoint, such knowledge should encompass topics the likes of: principles of constitutional government; mathematics and language skills; major events in world history; and respected masterpieces from the worlds of art, music and literature. All in all, Hirsch believed such a comprehensive curriculum would make for an ‘everlasting body’ of knowledge.

In total, Hirsch’s ‘Core Knowledge’ encapsulated eight key theories:

  1. Theory of Value–Hirsch felt it was important for children to acquire an expansive vocabulary for it served as a building block to gaining broad-based knowledge, which, over time, was pivotal for learning new ideas and concepts. Connecting his ‘core knowledge’ with classroom learning, Hirsch contended that the overarching mission of ‘formalized schooling’ should be to promote literacy as a competency that fosters additional learning. Also based upon Hirsch’s theory was the idea that ‘general, broad-based knowledge’, inclusive of lots of facts, should be a principal goal of education for, regardless of a student’s background, it proves to increase people’s intellectual competency in all areas of life.
  2. Theory of Knowledge–in Hirsch’s mind, knowledge was the equivalent of ‘intellectual capital’-defined as the knowledge and skill a person possesses at a given moment. Similar to the idea of money as capital, the greater degree of knowledge and skill a person possesses, the greater amounts of these attributes they are able to acquire. Hirsch took this idea a step further by saying that the ideas of formalism and naturalism are incorrect.
    In his view, formalism was explained as ‘the belief that the contentcurriculum learned in school (intellectual capital) is far less important than the acquisition of formal tools that allow a student to learn future content. Hirsch explained ‘naturalism’ as the belief that education is an organic process with its own innate nuances and tempos whereby students learn in their own way and at their own rates. As such, Hirsch felt that naturalism was most effective when linked with real-life goal setting. Based upon Hirsch’s philosophy, schooling is foreseen as being ineffective and spiritually detrimental for it goes against the ‘natural’ process.
  3. Theory of Human Nature-Hirsch’s contention was that it was important to reinstate the archived notions that ‘all human communities are founded upon specific shared information’ and ‘the basic goal of education in a human community is acculturation.’Because Hirsch strongly supported the idea that the modern world required a literate culture, he felt that to achieve effective communications among humans, our society needed to teach youngsters about the shared symbols and the information these symbols represented. Additionally, pertaining to the ‘theory of human nature’, Hirsch made such powerful statements as:
  • Children in American schools must master the English language. A failure to do so in the use of speech and writing could drastically limit one’s potential for opportunity, freedom and income.
  • Natural talent will only get a person so far in life. In order to succeed, one must accept the idea of hard work and be fully committed to the task at hand.
  1. Theory of Learning-supporting the idea that ‘learning builds upon learning’, Hirsch contented that the more a person knows, the more heshe can learn. He used the analogy of ‘velcro’ to create the visual image whereby additional knowledge attaches (sticks to) to existing knowledge. Building upon this theme, Hirsch emphasized the idea that all learning requires effort in the form of both attention and repetition. His view was that regardless of the amount of innate academic ability a child has, he or she needs ‘instruction’ to effectively learn new ideas. In this sense, drill and practice are absolute necessities for learning. And, such lessons need to be directly monitored by the instructor otherwise learning will not occur.
  2. Theory of Transmission-good teachers are foreseen that way so long a they are generally competent people with a great deal of knowledge to share.
    Highly important to Hirsch was the idea that both current teachers within US schools and future teachers should do away with ancient teaching philosophies based upon educational naturalism ideas (students’ innate abilities) in favor of a core, common curriculum focused on very specific, shared body of knowledge. To support this notion, Hirsch developed the Core Knowledge Sequence for grades K-8. This curriculum now comprises nearly 50% of participating schools’ curriculum. An ardent believer in ‘whole-class instruction’ he felt that that the goal of meeting students’ individual needs in the classroom has greatly faltered for if a teacher has 22 students in a classroom and is giving personal attention to one, heshe is failing to connect with the 21 other students.
  3. Theory of Society-in agreement with ‘The Enlightenment Ideals’ proposed by Thomas Jefferson (later supported by his predecessor Horace Mann), common schools should serve as a means of ‘making everyone a participant in the political and economic marketplace’. As such, it is the duty of these schools to equally provide all children equally with the knowledge and skills to keep them independent and free. And, not an isolated duty, Hirsch believes it is the job of everyone within the field of education to resurrect the promise of public schooling; common schools offering common content need to exist to afford all children with the ability to realize their potential, regardless of their upbringing andor background. Referring back to his Core Knowledge program, Hirsch affirmed the idea that parents and teachers need to be involved in the educational movement.
  4. Theory of Opportunity-in his Hirsch’s esteemed view, “Giving everybody more knowledge makes everybody more competent, and creates a more just society.”
    From this perspective, knowledge becomes the great equalizer whereby the schools have a tremendous opportunity and responsibility to provide students with equal chances to succeed regardless of their background. Note: A recurring theme of Hirsch’s is that the more general knowledge a person possesses, the better apt they are to succeed in life.
    This concept relates back to cumulative research findings correlating higher levels of general knowledge (education) with higher levels of income.
  5. Theory of Consensus-from Hirsch’s perspective, within the educational arena, people tend to disagree based upon their own political agendas. For examples, Democrats tend to side with the ideals of the Progressive education movement whereas Republicans favor the ideals of educational conservatism.
    Politically-speaking, while Hirsch views his thinking to be liberal, he also considers himself to be an educational conservative. Thus, Hirsch believes a consensus involving education could conceivably occur if only the educational community simply were to accept the practices of educational conservatism. Throughout the 1990s and leading into the 21st century, Hirsch’s philosophies have retained their relevance. As such, they continue to be incorporated into classroom lessons both through textbooks and curriculum published under Hirsch’s own imprint. D. Hirsch’s Four S’s Outlined within Hirsch’s Core Knowledge, are the four S’s: Solid-although it is true that the knowledge of today will be radically different from the knowledge of tomorrow, there remains a core body of knowledge that retains its status as ‘everlasting.’ The idea of lasting knowledge is then the ‘core’ of Hirsch’s Preschool-Grade 8 curriculum. Included in the content are such components as: the basic principles of constitutional government; important events of world history; essential elements of mathematics and of oral and written expression; widely acknowledged masterpieces of art and music; and stories and poems passed down from generation to generation. Sequenced-connecting back with Hirsch’s core belief that knowledge builds upon knowledge, sequenced learning entails students’ ability to acquire new knowledge by complementing what they already know. Yet, in order for a school system to fairly assess whether a student is performing at an acceptable level within their current grade level, they must first clearly define the knowledge and skill expectancies for students as they successively participate in each grade. Specific-while standard school district curriculum may say, “Students will demonstrate knowledge of all related facts that contributed to the development of the United States, the Core Knowledge Sequence distinguishes which information a student needs to know by basing it upon specific key facts and figures. As such, the Core Knowledge Sequence prides itself on being able to present a practical answer to the question, “What do students truly need to know?” Shared-based upon the core element of Hirsch’s Core Knowledge, ‘literacy is based upon shared knowledge,’ in order for a student to be literate, heshe needs to be familiar with a broad range of general knowledge. Examples of such general knowledge include: “President signed the X bill into law” or “Martin Luther King, Jr. is credited with turning the civil rights movement in the US.” Hirsch felt that children needed to learn specific facts for when such resolute statements are made in the press or media or someone starts up a conversation on one of these topics, it often is assumed the audience already shares certain common knowledge. Therefore, one of the primary goals of the Core Knowledge curriculum is to befit all children, regardless of background, with the shared knowledge they need to become ‘plugged in’ to our national literate culture. E. Examples of Core Knowledge Sequence By grade levels some basic examples of the Core Knowledge Sequence: Kindergarten: Visual Arts inclusive of painting and linecolor usage in such artistic works as Matisse’s, The Purple Robe and Sculpture, the Statue of Liberty. First Grade: World History inclusive of early civilizations, e.g., Ancient Egypt and hieroglyphics and geography, e.g. Africa and the Sahara Desert. Second Grade: American History inclusive of civil rights, e.g., Susan B. Anthony and the right to vote; Martin Luther King, Jr. and the dream of equal rights for all;and Cesar Chavez and the rights of migrant workers. Third Grade: Math inclusive of fractions and geometry, e.g., ability to identify numerators and denominators; write mixed numbers; and identify lines and angles. Fourth Grade: Science inclusive of electricity, electromagnets and purposes of conductive electricity. Fifth Grade: American History and Geography inclusive of: Westward Exploration, Pioneer land routes, and the Mexican War. Sixth Grade: Language Arts inclusive of: fiction and drama, e.g., The Iliad and The Odyssey, The Prince and the Pauper and Julius Caesar; writing of essays and organizing papers based upon a key topic and central outline. Seventh Grade: Music inclusive of classical, e.g., Romantics and Nationalists and American Musical Traditions, e.g., Blues and Jazz. Eighth Grade: Physics inclusive of motion, forces, density and buoyancy, work, energy, power, velocity and speed F. Conclusions The sheer fact that educational reform pioneer, E.D. Hirsch’s philosophies and principles of ‘Core Curriculum’ still hold up today is reason enough to warrant further exploration into his beliefs.
    And while there may be points of dissention, overall, Hirsch presents a most compelling argument for familiarizing children with ‘significant’ information upon which they may further build their knowledge base. Without such pivotal knowledge, Hirsch believed children would lack the solid foundation they needed to facilitate future learning and, as such, they would be susceptible to bouts of frustration and inadequacy whereas their educations were concerned. It is difficult to say with 100% certainty whether or not Hirsch’s ‘Core Curriculum’ has the potential to revolutionize the educational system. However, what can be said of his ‘concept’ is that it does offer a fresh take on learning whereby students, based upon their grade levels, have specific knowledge benchmarks to attain.
    Such a well-define
    d plan helps implement greater structure and accountability by and between all of the interrelated schools and respective teachers.

College Guide – For Your Higher Education Needs

Senior year of high school can put a lot of stress on students as they make decisions that will determine their futures. Various factors will influence students’ ultimate decisions and several strategies and resources can help make this overwhelming process a lot simpler. By spending time college search before applying, students can make the right decision for them. Since college is where the students will spend the next valuable years of their life, they should examine their needs and preferences as they begin their searching for college.

Although family and friends can influence your choices, selecting a college is often the first major decision a student makes and it can be a stressful process. Choosing a college can be easier if you have a strategic plan to guide your search process. The college guide is one of the quintessential sources for students narrowing their search. It includes reviews from students currently attending the best schools in the country and organizes them in a unique way so that students can find the schools that best fit them, their desired degrees and their personalities. Using college searching guide, you can become informed about your options and find the perfect college for your higher education needs.

Visiting a prospective college is always a good idea, but other options allow students to prescreen a college to determine if it will be a good fit. Because there are so many colleges to choose from, many students find it a daunting task to select a college. Here, college searching sites are get options that can help. These types of sites give students the ability to compare schools based on the criteria they dream about. These websites gives students the option to search for colleges by keyword or by doing a custom search to narrow down the type of school, location and major. Also most of sites offer a scholarship tool and give students the chance to enter for weekly chances to win a scholarship given away by the website. With the help of these sites, students get the opportunity to experience student videos or participate in periodic online chats with representatives from different colleges.

University Education Without Spending A Dime This Is Your How To Guide

If you are an entrepreneur like me this page is really not for you, but for most of young people out there, education is the only way out of poverty or a bridge to their long term goals. Young people these days have been under a lot of pressure to meet academic goals, due to high demand in most jobs on university graduates. From this perspective, getting your masters or phd degrees will definitely increase your chances of landing that dream job of yours !!

Unfoturnately not all of us come from wealthy families that can afford to pay US$25,000 to even US$50,000 per year !! or not all of us have GPAs of 4/4 to get scholarships….most of us are average, GPA may be 3 to 3.5, middle income level family and other average factors !! In this case affording university is a big huddle for a lot of people !! But guess what !! if you play your cards right you can study for free and actually at very nice and well recognized universities in the world ! You want to know how ? keep reading this and you will be suprised !

Here should be your first plan of attack (implementation explain afterwards):

1) First, you need to know what exactly you want to study. Sorry people, i am actually targetting further education here, after you finish your bachelor degree. Should be a bit easier to get in a bachelor degree financial wise and academic wise….i may be wrong, but some us paid it ourselves by working 5 to 10 jobs !!! dishwashing, camps, research assistants, intern….you name it !!

(2) Once you know exactly what kind of program you need to take, then your first option would be to look at the following countries – public universities only; Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, China, Japan, Thailand, Egypt, Turkey

(3) Second option, if your country is under/falls in commonwealth nations, then United Kingdom can be your home soon !! scholarship is given to any qualified students in those nations – especially under developed countries !! for those of us coming from those areas….dreams can come true ! you need to hustle though on eligibility criteria….final product is a big reward !

(4) Exchange programs !! yes exchange programs….these can range from 3 months to a year and lots of universities in many countries offer these. Lots of links for you in the end of this post !

(5) Financial instutions…..of course i am talking about banks here !! most of these giant money makers offer scholarships, but there are requirements and sometimes you may need to compete with other people, in the end if you man up….you may never to pay a cent for your education !!

(6) Governments….yes, there are lots of programs if you actually visit the ministry of education in your country. For example in Canada, government offers something called “Career Transition Assistance”, here is the link knock yourself out http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/goc/careertransition.shtml …..pretty much they finance you to upgrate your skills so that you can qualify for your dream job !! if you are smart, this is a chance to get those certifications and degrees !!

(7) Do you have great grades ? GPA at least 3.7/4 ? yep….lots of universities like Toronto university, Havard and many more can pay for your tuition. Most of the time you end up being working as a research assistant under a supervision of one professor in your program department…..and usually there is stipends !! In this case, you will be killing two birds with one stone, tuition fee paid and you are also getting paid to study !! what else do you want you poor bastard ? Lot’s of competition though with other students to get these scholarships, but can be done ! never say never !

(8) Work study programs !! yep some universities offer these option whereby students gets an opportunity to meet their financial needs and gain practical experience during school year…..you earn school credits for working !! salaries are usually low but my friend it releases a lot of pain !!

(9) Join the army ! yes….US army, Canadian army they will pay for your education while in a boot camp !! look for rich nations like these…..it is tough getting into these as most programs require citizenship !! chicken and egg issue but i am just opening your eyes…get married to a citizen first ! LOL then join the army….this is a joke, i do not condone illegal moves here !

I have a million more ways to study for free…..if you want to brainstorm more ideas visit http://www.simbadirectory.com/article/ and search this article – use the title name. You can review there, i am always online assisting my customers !!

Here are resources you can use to make your next move if you are hungry with education but your pockets have got holes everywhere !! If you are successful with one of my tips above, i will then teach you how to pass through immigration in any country in this world……legally of course but much smarter and faster !! keep reading my articles on http://www.simbadirectory.com/

Masters programs worldwide – http://www.usnewsuniversitydirectory.com/masters-mba.aspx?mcid=8116&WT.srch=1&gclid=CPWcib6Iqp8CFchn5QodNiBO1A

Sweden Ministry of Education & Research – http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/6943/a/67340

Norway ministry of education & research – http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/kd/Selected-topics/study-financing-.html?id=1422

Finland ministry of education – http://www.minedu.fi/OPM/?lang=en

Common wealth scholarships – http://www.csfp-online.org/

Exchange Programs – http://www.worldexperience.org/index.php

Research assistant positions – you need to visit particular university websites, go to the faculty your program on interest is. Then start digging each of the professor in the faculty to see if they have any ongoing research. If yes, send an application and your CV….there may be a bunch of eligibility criteria…i assume you are smart enough ! heheheh !

Work & study programs – http://www.quintcareers.com/college_abroad.html

Banks scholarships – example http://www.rbcroyalbank.com/scholarships/, http://www.bankofamerica.com.mo/foundation/index.cfm?template=fd_joemartin

The rest please be smart and plug your questions on google….i have already clear the path for you !!

Joachim Bulemela

Founder & Owner – http://www.simbadirectory.com/

Join facebook fan page – http://www.facebook.com/pages/Toronto-ON/Simbadirectorycom/212449617893

Practical Experience Is An Essential Component In Early Childhood Education Program

Being the first person to teach children the importance of education and making learning enjoyable for them is a hefty task. The people who work in this field must have not only have knowledge of working with children but also understand how to plan lessons using a thorough understanding of child development, which includes a personal philosophy of early childhood education within the framework of ethical and professional standards. They must also be able to plan and implement lessons that coincide with those of the general class but differ for children with developmental delay.

While teaching the kids in their care, these professionals must also develop and then maintain relationships with individual kids and groups of kids in an environment that best meet the requirements of current legislation, regulatory bodies and program policies. Speaking of policies, ECE professionals must be prepared to apply relevant legislation, policies, procedures and regulations to early childhood education programs and settings in a changing social context. Meanwhile, another relationship ECE professionals must develop is with families of the children through effective written, oral, nonverbal and electronic communications.

In two years, Centennial College’s Early Childhood Education offering teaches students how to implement all of the above tasks effectively through a combination of theory that is reinforced by hands-on and real-world experience. For example, in the course The Healthy Development of the Whole Child, students are introduced to the basic principles of child development and acquire a working understanding of developmental milestones and variations in children, within the context of family, culture and society. Through lectures, in-class exercises and case scenarios, students explore the development of the whole child, including social, emotional, physical, cognitive, linguistic and health dimensions.

Meanwhile, in the Child Abuse course, instructors use a variety of teaching methods including, lectures, group discussion, case histories, films and debates to cover areas such as parent support, child advocacy, and professional reporting and documentation procedure. Other courses in the offering include: Keys to Success in ECE, Guidance and the Individual Child, Understanding and Communicating with Families, Preschool and School Curriculum and more.

The ECE program is rounded out with experience at two Centennial College early childhood education centres that function as lab schools, which allow students to experience and understand what high quality child care is all about.

While this early childhood studies offering is facilitated from Centennial College’s largest location, Progress Campus, it is worth noting that for the convenience of students, the same program is offered at Ashtonbee Campus. Students may also take the part-time version of the undertaking at Ashtonbee Camps.

Thanks to their work at one of the child care centres in Toronto as well as the theory they gain, graduates of this offering are prepared to apply for positions with a host of organizations among which are nursery schools and child care centres as well as community services such as drop-in centres, shelters for women, and children and parent resource centres. Graduate employment, graduate and employer satisfaction have all consistently remained above 80 per cent for several years.